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Supreme Court Declines to handle state disputes over marijuana

On Monday, the U.S. Supreme Court declined to take up a lawsuit filed by two of Colorado’s neighboring states over its legalization of marijuana.

Nebraska and Oklahoma claimed that Colorado’s decriminalization has “increases the flow of marijuana over their borders,” forcing them to expend greater “law enforcement, judicial system, and penal system resources,” thereby harming the welfare of their residents.

They claimed to suffer a “direct and significant detrimental impact – namely the diversion of limited manpower and resources to arrest and process suspected and convicted felons involved in the increased marijuana trafficking or transportation.”

They argued that Colorado’s approach is in direct conflict with federal law, which makes it illegal to posses even small amount of marijuana.

The court turned the case away in an unsigned opinion. Justices Clarence Thomas and Samuel Alito dissented. Thomas, writing for them both, said court should have taken the case because “the plaintiff states have made a reasonable case.”

There were no lower court decisions, because disputes between the states come directly to the Supreme Court.

Nebraska and Oklahoma did not challenge Colorado’s legalization itself. Instead they claimed it is the way it regulates the manufacture, possession, and distribution of marijuana was causing them harm.

However, Colorado said its neighboring states real quarrel is with the federal government’s policy of declining to prosecute cases of simple possession in states where marijuana use has been legalized. It also said that those states should sue the federal government and not Colorado.

Colorado said, “A state does not violate the sovereign rights of another state, by making a policy decision that parts ways with its neighbors.”

The Obama Justice Department urged the Supreme Court not to take the case. “Entertaining the type of dipute at issue here – essentially that one state’s laws make it more likely that third parties will violate federal and state law in another state – would represent a substantial and unwarranted expansion of” of the Supreme Court’s jurisdiction.